Materials World Modules

An Inquiry & Design-Based Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Program

Manipulation of Light Module Alignment to Virginia Standards

Manipulation of Light Module

VA Science Standards


VA Math Standards


Grades 9-12


Grades 9-12




Algebra I


CH.2 i: Historical and quantum models.


A2: Represent verbal quantitative situations algebraically and evaluate these expressions for given replacement values of the variables. Students will choose an appropriate computational technique, such as mental mathematics, calculator, or paper and pencil.


A10: Apply the laws of exponents to perform operations on expressions with integral exponents, using scientific notation when appropriate.

PH.9 b: Fundamental wave processes (reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, polarization, Doppler effect)

Algebra II  

PH.9 c: Light and sound in terms of wave models.

AII. 2: Add, subtract, multiply, divide, and simplify rational expressions, including complex fractions.

PH.10 a: Properties and behaviors of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays.

AII.19: Collect and analyze data to make predictions and solve practical problems. Graphing calculators will be used to investigate scatterplots and to determine the equation for a curve of best fit. Models will include linear, quadratic, exponential, and logarithmic functions.

Physical Science




PS.8 b: Resonance

G.7: Solve practical problems involving right triangles by using the Pythagorean Theorem, properties of special right triangles, and right triangle trigonometry. Solutions will be expressed in radical form or as decimal approximations.

PS.8 c: Nature of mechanical waves


PS.9 a: Wave behavior of light (reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference).


PS.9 b:images formed by lenses and mirrors.


Design Process

Student Response

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