Nanotechnology Module  
CA Science Standards  Activities  CA Math Standards  Activities 
Grades 912  Designs  Grades 912  Designs 
Atoms and Molecules 
 Geometry 

C1 A: know how to relate the position of an element in the periodic table to its atomic number and atomic mass.  MG2: write geometric proofs, including proofs by contradiction.  
C1 G: know how to relate the position of an element in the periodic table to its quantum electron configuration and to its reactivity with other elements in the table.  MG11: determine how changes in dimensions affect the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric figures and solids.  
Reaction Rates 
 
C8 A: know the rate of reaction is the decrease in concentration of reactants or the increase in concentration of products with time.  
Investigation and Experimentation 
 
I&E 1D: Formulate explanations by using logic and evidence.  
I&E 1F: Distinguish between hypothesis and theory as scientific terms.  
I&E 1G: Recognize the usefulness and limitations of models and theories as scientific representations of reality.  
I&E 1K: Recognize the cumulative nature of scientific evidence.  
I&E 1N: Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted scientific theory, the observation is sometimes mistaken or fraudulent (e.g., the Piltdown Man fossil or unidentified flying objects) and that the theory is sometimes wrong (e.g., the Ptolemaic model of the movement of the Sun, Moon, and planets).  
Motions and Forces 
 
P1 D: know that when one object exerts a force on a second object, the second object always exerts a force of equal magnitude and in the opposite direction (Newton's third law).  
P1 E: know the relationship between the universal law of gravitation and the effect of gravity on an object at the surface of Earth.  
Conservation of Energy and Momentum 
 
P2 A: know heat flow and work are two forms of energy transfer between systems.  
P2 B: know that the work done by a heat engine that is working in a cycle is the difference between the heat flow into the engine at high temperature and the heat flow out at a lower temperature (first law of thermodynamics) and that this is an example of the law of conservation of energy.  
P2 C: know the internal energy of an object includes the energy of random motion of the object's atoms and molecules, often referred to as thermal energy. The greater the temperature of the object, the greater the energy of motion of the atoms and molecules that make up the object. 